OJJDP's Investment in Mentoring
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has long supported mentoring programs, with mentoring appropriations totaling more than $769 million from FY 2008 to FY 2016. OJJDP’s mentoring work aims to both increase opportunities for youth to have mentors and improve the quality and impact of the mentoring they receive. Through its research, programmatic grants, training and technical assistance, and publications, OJJDP provides financial incentives and national leadership to support the delivery of high quality mentoring to a diverse and growing population of youth. The OJJDP National Mentoring Resource Center has been developed as a key research and practice resource for the mentoring field.
As one of the primary supporters of youth mentoring at the federal level, OJJDP values partnerships with other federal agencies, mentoring programs, and research institutions as well as direct family and youth engagement in its mentoring initiatives. OJJDP has also established a Mentoring Subcommittee of the Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention to help advance mentoring collaboration across the federal government and develop deliverables in support of mentoring efforts.
OJJDP's Programmatic Initiatives in Mentoring
On an annual basis, OJJDP uses appropriated federal funds to support a variety of mentoring approaches. OJJDP’s mentoring work focuses on expanding the use of research-informed enhancements to mentoring programs as well as providing mentoring services to underserved and at-risk populations of youth.
A few of OJJDP's recent programmatic mentoring initiatives include:
- Second Chance Act Strengthening Relationships Between Young Fathers, Young Mothers, and Their Children
- Mentoring Opportunities for Youth Initiative
- Mentoring for Child Victims of Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Domestic Sex Trafficking
- Second Chance Act Strengthening Families and Children of Incarcerated Parents
OJJDP's Research and Evaluation Initiatives in Mentoring
In addition to supporting a variety of programmatic approaches that emphasize the use of mentoring research, OJJDP has focused on translating mentoring research to practice through a three prong strategy that includes disseminating information about evidence-based and research-informed mentoring practices, more strategically and effectively integrating research into mentoring practice, and supporting ongoing evaluation and assessments of innovative mentoring approaches.
Disseminating evidence-based mentoring resources
OJJDP's National Mentoring Resource Center includes a Research Board that oversees the development of the tools and resources in the "What Works" section and guides the training and technical assistance approach.
Integrating research into mentoring practice
OJJDP has supported three demonstration mentoring programs that promote practitioner-researcher partnerships and match innovative programmatic designing with ongoing evaluation. This includes:
- Mentoring Enhancement Demonstration Program
- Practitioner-Researcher Partnership Mentoring Children of Incarcerated Parents Demonstration Program
- Practitioner-Researcher Partnership in Cognitive Behavioral Mentoring Program
Evaluation of innovative mentoring approaches
OJJDP supports investigator-initiated evaluation and research to better understand what works in mentoring and the underlying practices or mechanisms of these approaches. This includes:
- Advocacy-based Mentoring Evaluation – Details findings of an advocacy-focused mentoring approach on delinquency and related outcomes.
- Associations between Parental Characteristics, Attitudes, and Engagement on Mentoring Relationship Outcomes – This study that found that parental engagement with the mentor and mentoring program was associated with reductions in youth involvement in substance use, delinquency, and risky behaviors.
- Mentee Risk Status and Mentoring Program Practices as Predictors of Match Outcomes – Mentees with many risk factors, such as beginning their mentoring relationship as an adolescent, having antisocial behavior problems, or experiencing many stressful life experiences, are less likely to have effective and long lasting mentoring relationships, compared to mentees with fewer risk factors; however, mentoring program practices make a difference, even with high-risk youth.
- Mentoring Best Practices Research: Effectiveness of Juvenile Mentoring for Youth on Parole and Probation in Ohio – This study determined that youth on parole and probation in Ohio who received mentoring services did not reduce delinquent behavior and the findings suggest that mentoring programs working with youth in the justice system should tailor their approaches for this unique population.
- Prediction and Prevention of Premature Closures of Mentoring Relationships: The Study To Analyze Relationships (STAR Project) – The key finding is that the relationships among mentors, youth, parents, and program staff all influence the mentoring relationship. Mismatched expectations among any one of these parties may lead to early match closure.
OJJDP Mentoring Grantees
Below, you will find the list of OJJDP Mentoring Grantees awarded funding over the past several years, many of which provide mentoring to at-risk and underserved youth populations.
- OJJDP FY 2016 Awards
- OJJDP FY 2015 Awards
- OJJDP FY 2014 Awards
- OJJDP FY 2013 Awards
- OJJDP FY 2012 Awards
- OJJDP FY 2011 Awards
- OJJDP FY 2010 Awards
- OJJDP FY 2009 Awards
- OJJDP FY 2008 Awards
- OJJDP FY 2007 Awards
A listing of available grants from OJJDP that support initiatives to provide national leadership, coordination, and resources to prevent and respond to juvenile justice and victimization.